The artist was born in Marseilles. His father having died when Camoin was only six years he went on to travel with his mother frequenting Paris and St. Tropez. He attended Art School when he became sixteen years.
A year later he became the pupil of Gustave Moreau at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris where he also met and befriended Albert Marquet and Henri Matisse. Matisse and his friends which included Camoin, formed the original group of artists known as the ‘Fauves’. Affiliated to Fauvism Camoin went on to find success, exhibiting regularly in Paris and attending other European Exhibitions.
Camoin always remained close to Matisse and one particular portrait is now in the permanent collection of the Pompidou Museum. Later he was very much influenced by Impressionism and Renoir. He travelled extensively throughout Europe continuing to accompany his friends but it was the French provinces that he preferred. He eventually divided his time between his studio in Montmartre and Saint Tropez. He remained devoted to his favourite subject matters which included landscapes, female portraits and still lifes. He later married Charlotte Prout in 1940.